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Insect Gallery

Miscellaneous Brush-footed Butterflies

order Lepidoptera - family Nymphalidae

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1) Sitting in leaf litter    2) Drinking from a puddle.


Leafwings - subfamily Charaxinae

Goatweed Butterfly  Anaea aidea

(Goatweed means Croton)

Photo taken in Taylor County, May 2004

(Taylor, Jones, Callahan, Nolan, Eastland, Coke, Coleman)

Butterfly: 2"-2 1/2" wide.  Male and female have slightly different coloration.  Underside is gray like a dead leaf.  Adults hibernate.

Caterpillar: Green-gray, covered in bumps, orange horns on head.  Rolls up in leaves to hide.  Eats croton and spurge.

Pupa: x





Snouts - subfamily Libytheinae

American Snout Libytheana carinenta

Photo taken in Taylor County, November 2006

(More often found in Runnels, Eastland)

Butterfly: 1 3/8" - 2" wide.  Male and female are similar.  Front portion of head is very long. Tip of forewing squared off.  Underside of wings can be brown or gray.  Adults sip flowers.

Caterpillar: Eats Hackberry tree leaves.

Pupa: x




Emperors - subfamily Apaturinae

Hackberry Emperor Asterocampa celtis

Photo taken in Taylor County, May 2010


Butterfly: 1 3/8" - 2" wide.  Male and female are similar.  Top of wings are grayer in the eastern USA.  Adults sip flowers.

Caterpillar: Eats Hackberry tree leaves.

Pupa: x




1) sipping Lantana   2) on notepad


Emperors - subfamily Apaturinae

Tawny Emperor Asterocampa clyton

Photo taken in Taylor County, June 2007

Photo taken in Coleman County, May 2004

(Coleman, Callahan, Jones)

Butterfly: 1 5/8" - 2 3/4" wide.  Do not sip flowers.  Food from tree sap, rotting fruit, dung, carrion.

Caterpillar: Eats Elm tree leaves.  Hibernate in groups in curled leaves.

Pupa: x



Sipping Heath Aster


Hiliconians and Fritillaries - subfamily Heliconiinae

Variegated Fritillary Euptoieta claudia

Photo taken in Taylor County, November 2006

(Taylor, Jones, Shackelford, Nolan, Eastland, Coke, Runnels, Coleman)

Butterfly: 1 34" - 3 1/8" wide.  Sips nectar.

Caterpillar: Eats a variety of plants including Portulaca.

Pupa: x


Other Species in My Area


Hiliconians and Fritillaries - subfamily Heliconiinae


Gulf Fritillary Agraulis vanillae

2 1/2 - 3 3/4 inches.  Upperside bright orange with black markings; 3 black-encircled white dots on forewing leading edge. Underside brown; forewing with orange at base; both wings with elongated, iridescent silver spots.

(Nolan, Callahan, Coke, Coleman, Brown)


Admirals and Relatives - subfamily Limenitidinae


Viceroy Limenitis archippus

2 1/2 - 3 3/8 inches.  Upperside is orange and black, resembling the Monarch (Danaus plexippus), except the Viceroy has a black line across the hindwing and a single row of white dots in the black marginal band. Where Monarchs are rare in Florida, Georgia, and the Southwest, Viceroys are brown instead of orange and mimic the Queen (Danaus gilippus).

(Nolan, Coleman)


California Sister Adelpha bredowii

2 1/4 - 4 inches.  Upperside is brownish black with an orange patch at the forewing apex. White median band across both wings is broken on the forewing.

(Taylor, Jones, Coleman)


Blue-eyed Sailor Dynamine dyonis

1 5/8 - 1 7/8 inches. Upperside of male is copper-green; female is black with white bands and patches. Underside of both sexes with 2 round, blue submarginal spots.



Common Mestra (Mestra amymone)

1 3/8 - 1 15/16 inches.  Upperside is gray-white to light brown; hindwing has a median row of white spots and an orange marginal band.  Underside is pale orange with white markings.



Satyrs - subfamily Satyrinae


Gemmed Satyr Cyllopsis gemma

1 3/8 - 1 11/16 inches.  Wings are brown and lack eyespots. Underside of hindwing has a silvery patch at the outer margin which contains 4 black reflective spots.



Red Satyr Megisto rubricata

1 3/8 - 1 7/8 inches.  Upperside is dark brown; each wing has 1 eyespot and a reddish patch. Underside is light brown; forewing has a reddish patch and 1 eyespot near the tip.

(Taylor, Eastland, Brown)


Common Wood Nymph Cercyonis pegala

1 3/4 - 3 inches.  Geographically variable. Wings are brown. Upperside of forewing has 2 large yellow-ringed eyespots. Lowerside of hindwing has a variable number of small eyespots. Southern and coastal butterflies are larger and have a yellow or yellow-orange patch on the outer part of the forewing. Inland butterflies are smaller and have the yellow forewing patch reduced or absent.

(Taylor, Shackelford, Callahan, Nolan, Eastland, Coleman, Brown)



Also see:

True Brush-foots

Crescent & Checkerspot Brush-foots

Monarchs & Other Royals


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