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Mammal Gallery


order Rodentia - family Sciuridae

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This family comprises tree squirrels, ground squirrels, flying squirrels, chipmunks, prairie dogs, groundhogs, and woodchucks.


This guy was in the rose garden in Tyler, Texas, totally oblivious to our presence.  He was eating or gathering acorns.

Photo taken in Smith County, November 2006



This guy was outside my backdoor enjoying the cool concrete and deliberately irritating the cat inside.

Photo taken in Taylor County, July 2009


Fox Squirrel Sciurus niger

The largest native squirrel in North America and the most common in my area.  Often mistaken for the Eastern Gray Squirrel, which is smaller, has a white belly, and bushier tail.

Size: 17 3/4"-27 1/2" body, 7"-13" tail, smaller in the west.

Color: generally brown-gray or brown-yellow fur.  In the Appalachians, some are banded with black and white.  In the South, some are solid black.

(Native of Texas)


Other Species in My Area

American Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus


Eastern Gray Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis

This is the species that was introduced and displacing the native Red Squirrel of England and Ireland.  Often confused with the Fox Squirrel; the Gray is smaller, has longer ears, and a long bushy tail.

Size: 9"-12" body, 7 1/2"-10" tail.

Color: generally gray fur, sometimes reddish, black, or white.  White belly.  Bushy tail.


Texas Antelope Squirrel Ammospermophilus interpres


Black-tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys ludovicianus


Chipmunk Tamias sp.


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